In the mining industry, crane operations are quite frequent. With them, they move from tools to materials to minerals. The mere fact of lifting and moving objects of several tons at high altitude is in itself a high-risk task. Therefore, it is essential to take the necessary safety measures to ensure the health and well being not only of the crane operator, but of the workers in general. Remember that the slightest mistake can cause serious injuries and even death.
Below, we offer some important safety tips for crane operations.
- Training and training
The handling of a boom crane or of any other type must be carried out only by operators with the proper training and skills. Many of the accidents occur due to the inexperience of the operators in the handling of these machinery. Therefore, the mining company must guarantee that the contracted operators have sufficient preparation. In addition, you must worry about providing constant training and training in order to perform complex maneuvers with safety and success.
- Inspection of machinery
It is not enough to perform the periodic maintenance of the cranes. Prior to each use, it is also necessary to carry out thorough routine inspections to ensure that everything is working correctly or is in good condition. In this inspection process you should look for deformations or cracks in cables or in the boom. Also, you should look for defects in the emergency controls, the controls, the stabilizers and the guardrails, the wheels, among other parts of the crane.
Remember that, many times, in the mining industry, the cranes work in extreme environments, so inspections becomes even more necessary.
- Creating a plan
Each lifting maneuver is different from another; therefore, it is necessary to create a plan to carry out the work safely and take into account all the predictable risks. Due to the importance of this plan, it must be carried out by a person with extensive practical and theoretical knowledge, as well as experience in the lifting maneuvers that are carried out.
The plan must include the identified risks (type and stability of the soil or effect of the wind), the necessary resources, the limit of load capacity, and the procedures, among others. Of course, the operator must adhere to this plan at all times.
- Proper use
The cranes are designed only for vertical lifting. Therefore, to use them for lateral loads is totally inadequate. Similarly, using them for storage by keeping some equipment suspended is too risky. Also, using the crane to drag something along the ground or over an obstacle puts a lot of pressure on the boom, the turntable and other parts of the structure. This could weaken some key components and cause a failure.
Follow these tips at all times and ensure constant success in your work without putting your health or the rest of the workers at risk.